Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF)

Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport was originally called Patrick Henry Field, and still uses PHF as its Location ID
Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport was originally called Patrick Henry Field, and still uses PHF as its Location ID
Source: ESRI, ArcGIS Online

Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) was built after World War Two on the site of the US Army's Camp Patrick Henry, the embarkation port for soldiers sent to North Africa, Europe, and New Guinea. One of the 296 Nike surface-to-air missile sites in the continental United States was located there in the 1950's, and the remaining military housing at the site was not closed until the 1988 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process.1

Camp Patrick Henry was converted after World War II into Patrick Henry Field, now Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF)
Camp Patrick Henry was converted after World War II into Patrick Henry Field, now Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF)
Source: US Geological Survey (USGS), Richmond VA 1:250,000 topographic quadrangle (1949)

Commercial air service started in 1949. The Peninsula Airport Commission adopted the name "Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport" in 1990 to "to better position it as the airport of choice for the region." The airport code of PHF is based on the original name of "Patrick Henry Field."

Efforts to get the city of Hampton to help finance a new $14 million terminal at the airport failed in 1989, after conflicts regarding costs/benefits could not be resolved. The Peninsula Airport Commission, which runs Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF), still has appointees from Hampton, but 2/3 are from Newport News. There are no longer any representatives from Williamsburg, James City County, or York County, but the jurisdictions do contribute funds for marketing the airport and attracting airlines.2

To get commercial passenger airlines to fly routes from Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF), the Peninsula Airport Commission has to demonstrate there is a sufficient demand to fill seats. To recruit customers, the airport has to offer flights that are more convenient and/or less expensive than flights from nearby airports. That is especially challenging because the "capture area" for customers overlaps with the capture areas for both Norfolk International Airport (ORF) and Richmond International Airport (RIC).

Airlines have exercised their option of cancelling service from Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) when the routes did not generate sufficient profits. In 2012, Southwest merged with AirTran and pulled out of the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport. The low-cost airline chose to consolidate at the Richmond and Norfolk airports, and business at Newport News dropped by 50%. The Peninsula Airport Authority attracted two other low-cost airlines to replace AirTran, but neither maintained operations for long.

adjusted for inflation, average air fares at Virginia airports all dropped between 1995-2015 except for Newport News-Williamsburg
adjusted for inflation, average air fares at Virginia airports all dropped between 1995-2015 except for Newport News-Williamsburg
Source: US Department of Transportation - Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Average Domestic Airline Itinerary Fares By Origin City

Allegiant Airlines withdrew after servicing the airport for less than a year, when PeoplExpress announced its plans to fly from Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport. PeoplExpress survived less than three months, and the Peninsula Airport Authority had guaranteed a loan to attract the airline, and had to pay $4.5 million to TowneBank after PeoplExpress failed.

In 2017, the Peninsula Airport Authority managed to attract a third low-cost carrier, Elite Airways. The airport's business strategy remained focused on increasing traffic by attracting and retaining a low-cost carrier, while Richmond and Norfolk focused on increasing travel on existing airlines servicing those airports. Elite did not commit to start its twice-weekly flights to Myrtle Beach until April, 2018.3

Elite Airways finally cancelled its plans before starting service. The Regional Air Service Enhancement Committee had paid Elite $400,000 from funds that had been contributed by Hampton, James City County, York County, Gloucester, Williamsburg and Poquoson before the PeoplExpress debacle.

None of that funding was recovered after Elite failed to start flying from Newport News. The airport had not included any "clawback" provision to recover the payment if Elite did not start operations. The airline was legally authorized to pocket the $400,000 incentive and do nothing in return.4

In May, 2018, the new Executive Director at the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport switched strategies. He refocused away from efforts to attract a new low cost competitor, and announced plans to encourage American and Delta to expand their existing flights and provide service to new destinations.

The Executive Director also started to recruit United to start operations, in hopes of getting service by three of the "big four" carriers. The fourth, Southwest, would not be a targeted company for recruitment, since that company had made its choice clear when it abandoned Newport News after purchasing AirTran.

The airport's new sales pitch in 2019 highlighted the opportunity to capture the 4,000 residents on the Peninsula who drove every day to catch a flight at another airport, a loss described as "leakage." Potential new carriers included the smaller airlines that contracted with American, Delta, and United to offer connecting services to the larger hub airports. The potential for Elite to offer a Newport News-New York flight were not expected to become reality, since the New York airports were saturated with services from low-cost carriers.5

natural light illuminates the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) terminal
natural light illuminates the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) terminal

The Peninsula Airport Authority has tried to increase income at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport by increasing profits from terminal operations, and by attracting business other than scheduled airline flights.

About 25% of the airport's revenue come from its parking operations. It also leased land to Kentucky Farms, a private company that managed horse pasture on land not needed for airport operations but not suitable for other buildings. In 2017, the airport took direct control over the food and beverage operations in the terminal, a move which triggered a lawsuit by the lease holder that exposed the PeoplExpress scandal.

In 2019, it took over responsibility for the Patrick Henry Mobile Home Village on airport property. The management had been outsourced, but direct control was expected to increase profits substantially. The airport had been maintaining the trailer park's infrastructure, including streets and water/sewer lines, but accepted responsibility for tenant relations and rent collection when no local company responded to a request for proposals.

In concept, assuming all trailer park responsibilities was just an extension of the airport's other landlord-tenant relationships. The Executive Director commented:6

We are a good landlord to our tenants... We are a good landlord to our rental cars companies, the airlines and (others). Everyone is happy with our landlordship. That's what I do, I'm a landlord. I manage the facility on a landlord-tenant basis.

The 75-acre mobile home park had developed in the 1950's, when housing was scarce during the post World War II baby boom. Residents owned their trailers, but paid a monthly lot fee. That covered the rent for use of the land, plus water and trash collection. At the end of the 1990's, the airport stopped authorizing new renters. The number of mobile homes gradually declined from 250 trailers in 1995 to 77 trailers in 2022, when the airport's Executive Director notified all residents that the facility would close and everyone had to remove their trailers.

The closure notice reflected the Executive Director's judgment that the mobile home park was not generating a profit for the airport. More importantly, maintaining the mobile home park would require investing millions of dollars in facility upgrades for sewage and water pipes, stormwater management, and roads at a time when the airport had no surplus cash. Continuing the mobile home park would not be cost-effective, and was not part of the master plan of the airport that would qualify for a Federal Aviation Administration grant.

There were no plans for a different use of the site where the Patrick Henry Mobile Home Village was located. It might one day be part of the safety zone if a third runway was ever constructed. However, based on the low number of flights by commercial carriers at the airport, that expansion was not imminent.

Closing the park reduced the supply of affordable housing in Newport News, and created a burden on the residents. The airport offered a $2,000 incentive payment for people who left by the end of May, 2022, but moving a mobile home could cost up to $10,000. As he deadline to move approached in early November, 66 of the original 77 trailers were still on the site and 15 were still occupied. The 17 tenants who had hired an attorney to press for greater compensation had ended up without a better deal.

The chair of the Peninsula Airport Commission said:7

We have neither the authority nor the money to spend the millions of dollars necessary to bring this park up to code... I'd love to have a profitable mobile home park that supports airport missions. But unfortunately, we don't - we have a failed one.

the Executive Director at the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport notified residents of the Patrick Henry Mobile Home Village in 2022 that they had to move
the Executive Director at the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport notified residents of the Patrick Henry Mobile Home Village in 2022 that they had to move
Source: ESRI, ArcGIS Online

Denbigh High School's Aviation Academy has offered classes for high school students at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport since 1995, training pilots, mechanics, and other aviation specialists.

In 2013, Liberty University expanded its School of Aviation to offer flight training at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport to college students getting online bachelor's degrees. It was chosen as Liberty University's first training airport outside of the school's base at Lynchburg Regional Airport in part because it was located within 50 miles of eight military bases. Plans were announced in 2014 to upgrade the Aviation Academy into a Center of Aeronautics, and to build a new $30 million facility to replace the 1950s terminal.

Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport attracted Liberty University's aviation training program because it was close to military airports
Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport attracted Liberty University's aviation training program because it was close to military airports
Source: ESRI, ArcGIS Online

However, in 2016 Liberty decided to close its flight school at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport. After staffing the program at Newport News/Williamsburg, Liberty determined that its preferred business model was to offer online education and to partner with flight schools offering hands-on experience at different airports. The university arranged for partners at 50 locations across the country, and while closing down at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport the university maintained its operations in Virginia at Leesburg, Manassas, Stafford, Warrenton, Chesapeake, and of course Lynchburg.8

The proposal to upgrade the Aviation Academy into a Center of Aeronautics was frozen during the PeoplExpress debacle. In 2018, the Newport News Public Schools had a new superintendent and Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport had a new executive director. They proposed a $22 million investment to create the Virginia Center of Aeronautics for Denbigh High students.

Classes would move from the airport's old terminal building to a new structure, with a new hangar and outdoor learning area. Among other benefits, the shift to new buildings would avoid the costs to rehabilitate the air conditioning system and install a new roof at the old terminal.9

Liberty University expanded its flight training program nationwide, but operated at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport for only three years (2014-2016)
Liberty University expanded its flight training program nationwide, but operated at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport for only three years (2014-2016)
Source: Liberty University, Flight Training Affiliate Program

In 2015, Newport News also sought to generate additional revenue from the airport by lowering the property tax rate for private planes by 75%, from $2.10 to $0.50 per $100 of assessed value. At the time, 114 planes were based at the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport and generating property taxes for Newport News. Across the James River in Chesapeake and Suffolk, there were 307 private planes being taxed at only $0.58 per $100 of assessed value.

Few of the planes in Chesapeake and Suffolk were associated with any business in those communities south of the river. Newport News officials anticipated that the owners would be willing to base their property at a different airport nearby, if offered an even lower tax rate.

The proposed tax reduction was initially rejected by the city council, in part because it was seen as a benefit for those wealthy enough to own a plane while low-income residents in Newport News received no equivalent reduction. The 75% property tax reduction was approved after getting a commitment from a business to build two new hangars at the airport once taxes were lowered.

The city anticipated that the immediate loss of $200,000 in revenue would be offset by additional planes moving to Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport, plus economic development projects associated with businesses who wanted easy airport access.10

In 2018, local construction company W.M. Jordan signed a 15-year lease (with options to extend 10 more years) to build a new hanger and keep its two company jets at the airport. The newest jet had been kept temporarily in a hangar at the Richmond airport, but the construction company was owned by a Newport News native. He made clear that he wanted to support his local airport, as well as base the jet closer to the company headquarters in Newport News:11

I could have built it in Norfolk, I could built it in Chesapeake... But I said, "Don't make me do that." I wanted to build it in my hometown.

aeronautical chart for area including Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF)
aeronautical chart for area including Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF)
Source: SkyVector

The Peninsula Airport Commission, officially the owner of Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport, generated $8 million in one-time revenue in 2016 by selling 248 acres to the York County Economic Development Authority for a business park. The airport sold land that it did not need for expanding runways or adding other facilities.

By assembling property in advance, the authority expected to increase the potential of attracting new companies. The tax-exempt airport land could end up generating commercial tax revenue for York County, if sold to a private company at some point, and new businesses near the airport would generate local jobs.12

The 2020 coronavirus pandemic dramatically reduced air travel. The US Congress passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act authorizing $25 billion in payments to passenger air carriers, but they were required to maintain for a year some level of scheduled air transportation service to "any point" served at the end of February, 2020 (with adjusted dates for winter/summer seasonal service).

When defining the skeleton air transport network to be maintained, the US Department of Transportation determined that Hampton Roads was one "point" that included both the Peninsula and the cities south of the James River. The Federal government's final order required six airlines to continue to service Norfolk International Airport (ORF), but did not require the two commercial carriers at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) to maintain any flights to/from that destination.

Alarmed officials on the Peninsula feared Delta Air Lines and American Airlines would consolidate their service to Hampton Roads in Norfolk, and cancel all flights to the Newport News/Williamsburg airport. The two airports were only 30 miles apart by car, but as the chair of the York County Board of Supervisors noted:13

Our connectivity and economic prosperity is dependent upon our citizens and visitors being able to transverse major waterways that include numerous bridges and tunnels... It is not uncommon for any one or more of the bridges or tunnels to be obstructed or closed due to accidents or other traffic related issues resulting in extended delays.

On April 21, 2020, only eight passengers flew out of the airport. A Federal stimulus package provided a $4.1 million grant, equal to half the annual budget, but the Executive Director calculated that airline travel and associated revenues would be slow to recover from the pandemic. To stretch out the time the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) could survive using the Federal grant, he cut the budget by 1/3, laid off 40% of the employees (mostly part-time), and told the Peninsula Airport Commission:14

The numbers for the rest of this fiscal year will be horrible... It's terrible... I took bold, swift action to ensure we have a tomorrow.

Delta stopped flying to Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) on May 13, suspending service until at least September. Delta used to fly three times each day to Atlanta, but was down to one daily flight. The airline chose to maintain operations at the Norfolk and Richmond airports. The number of passengers at Norfolk dropped 95% in April, 2020, the same percentage as the Transportation Security Administration reported across the United States.

In response to the reduced activity, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reduced the operating hours for staffing the airport's tower with air traffic controllers, as it reduced staffing at about 100 other airports with a significant reduction in flights. Of the six remaining American Airlines flights each day, four were scheduled to take off or land when the tower would be unstaffed.

That was irrelevant to safe operations at the airport; the controllers in the tower at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) handled traffic flying between airports. The Federal Aviation Administration still kept staff at the approach control center, located at the Norfolk International Airport (ORF), which ensured safe operations during takeoffs and landings of scheduled passenger aircraft around Hampton Roads.15

the one remaining flight to Atlanta on May 11, 2020 was completely booked before service ended on May 13
the one remaining flight to Atlanta on May 11, 2020 was completely booked before service ended on May 13
Source: Delta

for flights after May 12, Delta directed customers seeking flights from Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) to nearby airports
for flights after May 12, Delta directed customers seeking flights from Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) to nearby airports
Source: Delta

The steep drop in customers after March, 2020 exacerbated the usual crush of passengers at Christmas. Demand surges annually at the holiday because the military bases near Newport News authorize more leave, letting more military personnel be with their families. Christmas is the major peak in recreational travel at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF), where normally 70% of the passengers are on business trips.

However, the COVID-19 pandemic caused Delta to eliminate its three daily flights to Atlanta and stop operating completely at the airport. American eliminated its three flights to Philadelphia, and reduced its seven daily flights to Charlotte down to about three. Special buses bring waves of customers to the airport, some as early as 1:00am. The airport plans each year to open extra space for passengers waiting for their flights, and anticipated an extra crush in 2020 since the number of flights was so low.16

American Airlines restarted its flights later in 2020 to Charlotte Douglas International Airport (CLT), and to Philadelphia in June, 2021. American Airlines had a monopoly; Delta had not returned to Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) at that time.17

American Airlines restarted operations in 2020 and had a monopoly at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF), flying first to just Charlotte Douglas International Airport (CLT)
American Airlines restarted operations in 2020 and had a monopoly at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF), flying first to just Charlotte Douglas International Airport (CLT)
Source: Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF)

American Airlines prices were based on competition from other airports, since it offered the only service to Charlotte
American Airlines prices were based on competition from other airports, since it offered the only service to Charlotte
Source: American Airlines, Choose Flights

The policy shift to recruit large domestic carriers rather than more discount lines paid off in 2021. The airport worked with United Airlines to obtain an $850,000 grant from the Small Community Air Service Development Program of the US Department of Transportation, the same program that provided the grant used to attract PeoplExpress. United planned to offeer twice daily service, with 50-seat planes, to Dulles INternational Airport (IAD).

The airport had to demonstrate local support to win the grant, and local governments committed $600,000. In addition, Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) committed $150,000 for marketing and agreed to waive $400,000 in fees, ensuring the United Airlines would not lose money in the first years of service. Airport marketing to attract customers began to emphasize "easy going," based on the reduced amount of time for Peninsula residents to fly from Newport News rather than fight traffic on I-64 to Richmond or through bridge-tunnels to Norfolk.18

the easier drive to Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) was the advantage highlighted in 2021
the easier drive to Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) was the advantage highlighted in 2021
Source: Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF)

In 2021, Aery Aviation announced plans to expand is operations at the airport. The company, started in 2016, modifies aircraft for government and commercial customers and gets the planes certified for use. The $15 million expansion was projected to create over 200 new jobs in Newport News.19

The airport did manage to recruit a new start-up, Avelo Airlines, in 2022. The airline announced plans to fly from Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) to Orlando and Fort Lauderdale. Avelo Airline planned to compete for Hampton Roads customers with another discount carrier, Breeze Airways, which had chosen in 2021 to start flights to Florida from Norfolk International Airport (ORF).20

Airport Competition: Richmond vs. Newport News/Williamsburg vs. Norfolk

Air Transportation in Virginia

Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF): The PeoplExpress Debacle

Newport News

Norfolk International Airport (ORF)

Richmond International Airport (RIC)

Avelo Airlines announce plans in 2022 to fly from Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) to destinations in Florida
Avelo Airlines announce plans in 2022 to fly from Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) to destinations in Florida
Source: Avelo Airlines, Destinations

Links

in 2018, parking fees at the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) garage were $10/day maximum
in 2018, parking fees at the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) garage were $10/day maximum

References

1. "Enhanced Preliminary Assessment Report: Patrick Henry Army Housing Units, Newport News, Virginia," U.S. Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency, October 1989, p.3, p.10, http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a214553.pdf (last checked February 15, 2016)
2. "Airport History," Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport, http://www.flyphf.com/content/index.php/airport-history.html; "Cities' Merger Considered, Rejected," Daily Press, January 30, 1992, http://articles.dailypress.com/1992-01-30/news/9201300064_1_port-city-consolidation-issue-majority-of-city-council (last checked April 19, 2014)
3. "Elite Airways to launch service from Newport News to Myrtle Beach," Daily Press, January 17, 2018, http://www.dailypress.com/news/airport/dp-nws-elite-20180117-story.html (last checked January 18, 2018)
4. "Taxpayers shelled out $400,000 to an airline that never came to Newport News airport," Daily Press, November 20, 2018, https://www.dailypress.com/news/airport/dp-nws-airport-elite-incentive-20181120-story.html; "'Clawback' provision lacking in Newport News/Williamsburg Airport agreement," Inside Business - The Hampton Roads Journal, November 30, 2018, https://pilotonline.com/inside-business/news/maritime-and-transportation/article_2362de8a-f4b4-11e8-9727-d755c78ce870.html (last checked December 3, 2018)
5. "Elite Airways cancels flight route from PHF to Myrtle Beach," WAVY, March 11, 2018, http://www.wavy.com/news/elite-airways-cancels-flight-route-from-phf-to-myrtle-beach/1078392003; "Learning to fly, again," Daily Press, May 23, 2018, http://www.dailypress.com/news/opinion/editorials/dp-edt-airport-0524-story.html; "Changing market, changing pitch at Newport News airport," Daily Press, January 25, 2019, https://www.dailypress.com/news/airport/dp-nws-airport-service-20190125-story.html (last checked January 28, 2019)
6. "Newport News airport to run its own 96-home trailer park, adding to its other endeavors," Daily Press, April 29, 2019, https://www.dailypress.com/news/newport-news/dp-nws-airport-trailer-park-takeover-20190425-story.html (last checked May 1, 2019)
7. "Forced out and forlorn - Planned closure of Newport News airport's mobile home park throws residents' lives into turmoil," The Virginian-Pilot, May 15, 2022, https://www.pilotonline.com/news/dp-nw-mobile-home-evictions-20220515-qrtl25dqbffnhck55rjb54wxpi-htmlstory.html; "Board defends trailer park plan - Peninsula officials say repairs too costly, shuttering necessary," Daily Press, June 26, 2022, https://www.dailypress.com/news/dp-nw-airport-trailer-park-20220625-7oq5sdgsdfeenfr75f46pbomba-story.html; "Trailer park tenants moving - With closure coming Nov. 5, families are leaving community," The Virginian-Pilot, September 7, 2022, https://www.pilotonline.com/news/dp-nw-fz22-airport-trailer-park-20220906-32kqmmx4t5eljinlkmr5n7xjqa-story.html; "'It's a village that'll never be replaced': Newport News airport mobile home tenants pack up and move on," Daily Press, November 5, 2022, https://www.pilotonline.com/news/dp-nw-airport-trailer-park-closure-20221104-wunbsmlnknchrc4t4qgavkjo7a-story.html (last checked November 5, 2022)
8. "School of Aeronautics to launch affiliate program in Newport News," Liberty University News Service, December 10, 2013, http://www.liberty.edu/news/index.cfm?PID=18495&MID=107862; "Will It Fly? Students To Try Planning New Airport," Daily Press (Newport News), February 17, 1998, http://articles.dailypress.com/1998-02-17/news/9802170025_1_airport-s-master-plan-magnet-program-aviation-academy; "Newport News airport executive director pitches new Center of Aeronautics," Daily Press (Newport News), September 29, 2014, http://www.dailypress.com/news/education/dp-nws-nn-aviation-academy-renovation-20140929,0,1236034.story; "Freedom Aviation to close flight school at Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport," Daily Press, December 21, http://www.dailypress.com/news/newport-news/dp-nws-nn-airport-freedom-aviation-20161220-story.html; "Flight Training Affiliate Program," Liberty University, http://www.liberty.edu/academics/aeronautics/index.cfm?PID=30203#virginia (last checked December 24, 2016)
9. "Newport News schools, airport want to resume conversation about new $22 million training center," Daily Press, July 26, 2018, http://www.dailypress.com/news/newport-news/dp-nws-airport-commission-meeting-20180726-story.html (last checked July 26, 2018)
10. "Newport News approves aircraft tax break in hopes of attracting 2 major projects," Daily News, November 11, 2015, http://www.dailypress.com/news/newport-news/dp-nws-nn-plane-tax-20151111-story.html (last checked November 13, 2015)
11. "Newport News Airport, W.M. Jordan agree to deal for new $3 million airplane hangar," Inside Business - The Hampton Roads Journal, December 14, 2018, https://pilotonline.com/inside-business/news/maritime-and-transportation/article_832248b0-ffd6-11e8-a308-874ad9d63154.html (last checked December 16, 2018)
12. "York EDA plans to buy 248 acres of airport land for business park," The Daily Press, February 16, 2016, http://www.dailypress.com/business/tidewater/dp-york-eda-plans-to-buy-248-acres-of-airport-land-for-business-park-20160217-story.html (last checked February 17, 2013)
13. "Coronavirus Aviation Industry Relief Legislation," National Law Review, April 1, 2020, https://www.natlawreview.com/article/coronavirus-aviation-industry-relief-legislation; "Newport News airport officials fear coronavirus stimulus bill could lead airlines to pull out and consolidate in Norfolk," The Virginian-Pilot, April 8, 2020, https://www.pilotonline.com/news/transportation/dp-nw-newport-news-airport-concerns-20200408-imfjzpjdineg7mqpnhh6sdogea-story.html; "Continuation of Certain Air Service Under Public Law 116-136 ยงยง 4005 and 4114(b)," US Department of Transportation, Order 2020-4-2, April 7, 2020, https://www.transportation.gov/sites/dot.gov/files/2020-04/CARES%20Final%20Order%20FINAL.PDF (last checked April 30, 2020)
14. "Newport News airport makes drastic cuts as it reels from coronavirus impact," Daily Press, April 30, 2020, https://www.dailypress.com/news/transportation/dp-nw-newport-news-airport-virus-20200430-yz4myi3oqzalnh3pw6tdpfn7ma-story.html (last checked May 1, 2020)
15. "Delta temporarily pulls out of Newport News airport," The Virginian-Pilot, May 8, 2020, https://www.pilotonline.com/dailypress/dp-nw-coronavirus-newport-news-airport-20200508-c42z7cjqznemffrlwzbdefc4aa-story.html; "Norfolk Airport traffic dropped 94% in April," The Virginian-Pilot, May 12, 2020, https://www.pilotonline.com/business/vp-bz-coronavirus-norfolk-airport-drop-20200512-t2h6zl2iubeazkchly6qlnrfj4-story.html; "Operating hours slashed for Newport News airport's control tower," The Virginian-Pilot, May 19, 2020, https://www.pilotonline.com/dailypress/dp-nw-airport-control-tower-20200519-4atlxcf5kre5df4mlye42nebka-story.html (last checked May 19, 2020)
16. "Soldiers camp out for days at Newport News' airport for the holidays. But this year, officials are worried," The Virginian-Pilot, November 14, 2020, https://www.pilotonline.com/military/dp-nw-airport-block-leave-20201114-crbfstmyrjhnlone6gvve6hala-story.html (last checked November 16, 2020)
17. "American Airlines to resume Philly flights in Newport News," The Virginian-Pilot, May 24, 2021, https://www.pilotonline.com/news/transportation/dp-nw-american-airlines-phf-20210513-b55pd5vsnnftlom5oc5qwl5rey-story.html (last checked May 27, 2021)
18. "Newport News airport is getting closer to having flights to D.C.," Daily Press, July 28, 2021, https://www.dailypress.com/news/transportation/dp-nw-nn-airport-dulles-20210728-isbdj5ryjbfw3iwbqjx52dn3om-story.html; "Airport plans to regain passengers through fast service - Newport News," The Virginian-Pilot, October 11, 2021, https://www.pilotonline.com/inside-business/vp-ib-newport-news-airport-1011-20211006-5mv3ozkknjffrmh726l2afnpda-story.html (last checked October 12, 2021)
19. "Aery Aviation plans $15.3M expansion in Newport News," Associated Press, September 14, 2021, https://apnews.com/article/business-virginia-newport-news-368fb5133d76a8fd24037beb25f8f408 (last checked September 15, 2021)
20. "Avelo Airlines bringing two Florida routes to Newport News airport starting at $29," Daily Press, July 26, 2022, https://www.dailypress.com/news/transportation/vp-bz-new-airline-newport-news-williamsburg-0727-20220726-ntj7p2uck5gnpku5r6dfo5qqmi-story.html (last checked July 27, 2022)

an escalator leads up to the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) terminal
an escalator leads up to the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) terminal


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