Gold in Virginia
The earliest English settlers of the Virginia Company were looking for gold. The Spanish had conquered seized vast amounts of gold in Central and South America, but the English did not discover any native societies in North America that had mined and accumulated gold.
The first gold rush in the United States occurred in North Carolina, nearly two centuries after Jamestown was settled. In 1799, a 12-year old boy found a heavy rock with a yellow color. The family used it as a doorstop until 1802, when a North Carolina jeweler bought the rock for $3.50 and then revealed it was a 17 pound gold nugget.
Minerals of Virginia
Rocks and Ridges - The Geology of Virginia