Shenandoah River

the North River, with its headwaters west of Harrisonburg, does not flow into the North Fork of the Shenandoah River - Harrisonburg is on the wastershed divide, and the North River merges with the Middle and South rivers near Port Republic to form the South Fork of the Shenandoah River
the North River, with its headwaters west of Harrisonburg, does not flow into the North Fork of the Shenandoah River - Harrisonburg is on the wastershed divide, and the North River merges with the Middle and South rivers near Port Republic to form the South Fork of the Shenandoah River
Source: Library of Congress, A map of the state of Virginia, constructed in conformity to law from the late surveys authorized by the legislature and other original and authentic documents

Peter Jefferson's 1747 map of the Fairfax Grant noted the forks of the Shenandoah River, on either side of Massanutten Mountain (Peeked Ridge)
Peter Jefferson's 1747 map of the Fairfax Grant noted the forks of the Shenandoah River, on either side of Massanutten Mountain ("Peeked Ridge")
Source: University of North Carolina, "Early Maps of the American South," A Map of the northern neck in Virginia (by Peter Jefferson, Robert Brooke, Benjamin Winslow, Thomas Lewis, 1747)

meanders of the South Fork, Shenandoah River
meanders of the South Fork, Shenandoah River
Source: Jedediah Hotchkiss's map of the valley, 1862

The source of the North Fork of the Shenandoah River was designated officially in 1989 by the US Forest Service and the Friends of the North Fork. They chose Sand Spring in Rockingham County at the headwaters.1

major tributaries and main stem of the North Fork of the Shenandoah River
major tributaries and main stem of the North Fork of the Shenandoah River
Source: US Geological Survey (USGS), The National Map - Streamer

major tributaries and main stem of the South Fork of the Shenandoah River
major tributaries and main stem of the South Fork of the Shenandoah River
Source: US Geological Survey (USGS), The National Map - Streamer

Links

the bends of the North Fork of Shenandoah River south (upstream) of Strasburg - and in the South Fork of the Shenandoah River on the other side of Massanutten Mountain - are reflections of the fracture patterns in the underlying limestone bedrock
the bends of the North Fork of Shenandoah River south (upstream) of Strasburg - and in the South Fork of the Shenandoah River on the other side of Massanutten Mountain - are reflections of the fracture patterns in the underlying limestone bedrock
Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Earth Observatory, The Sinuous Shenandoah

References

1. "Monument Marks the Start of the North Fork of the Shenandoah River," Friends of the North Fork of the Shenandoah River, http://www.fnfsr.org (last checked May 16, 2014)


Rivers of Virginia
Rivers and Watersheds of Virginia
Virginia Places