Historic Preservation and Tourism at Williamsburg

barber and peruke maker's shop in 1943, before restoration
barber and peruke maker's shop in 1943, before restoration
Source: Library of Congress, Williamsburg, Virginia. The capitol of the Virginia colony during the eighteenth century which was reconstructed and restored to its original state by John D. Rockefeller Jr.

Williamsburg became the second and last capital of the Virginia colony in 1699. The statehouse at Jamestown burned again in 1698, and the General Assembly finally concurred with the royal governor's recommendation to move the capital.

The new location had developed initially in the 1630's as Middle Plantation. The "middle" reflected the location on the watershed divide, halfway between the York and James rivers. First settlement occurred after the General Assembly decide to build a wall across the lower end of the Peninsula and limiting Native Americans access to the settlements there. The wall was intended to provide additional protection against another uprising led by Opechancanough, which had occurred in 1622.1

the Ludwell-Paradise House was the first structure acquired by Rev. W. A. R. Goodwin, using funds from David's father
the Ludwell-Paradise House was the first structure acquired by Rev. W. A. R. Goodwin, using funds from "David's father"

Colonial Williamsburg places a flag outside restored structures to indicate historic interpreters are available for interaction with the public at that particular site
Colonial Williamsburg places a flag outside restored structures to indicate historic interpreters are available for interaction with the public at that particular site

tourism is seasonal in Virginia - on cold winter days, Duke of Gloucester Street can be deserted
tourism is seasonal in Virginia - on cold winter days, Duke of Gloucester Street can be deserted

after determining through research that Raleigh Tavern had a front porch in 1775, Colonial Williamsburg added it (and replaced the roof shingles) in 2017
after determining through research that Raleigh Tavern had a front porch in 1775, Colonial Williamsburg added it (and replaced the roof shingles) in 2017

the James City County courthouse had columns, before restoration to its 1776 appearance
the James City County courthouse had columns, before restoration to its 1776 appearance
Source: Library of Congress, Williamsburg, Virginia. The capitol of the Virginia colony during the eighteenth century which was reconstructed and restored to its original state by John D. Rockefeller Jr.

Historic Preservation and Tourism at Jamestown

History-Oriented Tourism

Williamsburg

Links

References

1. Philip Levy, "A New Look at an Old Wall: Indians, Englishmen, Landscape, and the 1634 Palisade at Middle Plantation," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 112, no. 3 (2004)

Colonial Williamsburg archeologists document excavated artifacts, such as pottery sherds, to determine how different sites were used at different times
Colonial Williamsburg archeologists document excavated artifacts, such as pottery sherds, to determine how different sites were used at different times

Colonial Williamsburg displays how the wealthy white residents of Williamsburg, such as George Wythe, lived in the 1770's
Colonial Williamsburg displays how the wealthy white residents of Williamsburg, such as George Wythe, lived in the 1770's

interpretation at the Wythe House includes discussions of the 14 slaves who lived on the property in Williamsburg
interpretation at the Wythe House includes discussions of the 14 slaves who lived on the property in Williamsburg

reconstruction of the Charleton Coffeehouse required moving the house owned by the Armistead sisters
reconstruction of the Charleton Coffeehouse required moving the house owned by the Armistead sisters

the Charleton Coffeehouse tours include coffee, tea, or chocolate
the Charleton Coffeehouse tours include coffee, tea, or chocolate

Colonial Williamsburg displays how the wealthy white residents of Williamsburg, such as George Wythe, lived in the 1770's
Colonial Williamsburg displays how the wealthy white residents of Williamsburg, such as George Wythe, lived in the 1770's

revenue from commercial leases at Merchants Square helps to fund Colonial Williamsburg
revenue from commercial leases at Merchants Square helps to fund Colonial Williamsburg

Colonial Williamsburg operates all year, with carriage rides and interpretive services throughout the winter
Colonial Williamsburg operates all year, with carriage rides and interpretive services throughout the winter

the Prentis Store at Colonial Williamsburg
the Prentis Store at Colonial Williamsburg

Colonial Williamsburg reconstructed the Capitol that burned in 1747, not the replacement building that was used at the start of the American Revolution
Colonial Williamsburg reconstructed the Capitol that burned in 1747, not the replacement building that was used at the start of the American Revolution

not every site on Duke of Gloucester Street was restored or converted to its appearance during the colonial time period
not every site on Duke of Gloucester Street was restored or converted to its appearance during the colonial time period


Parks, Forests, Tourism in Virginia
Virginia Places